This historical gem, what used to be the residence of Menachem Ussishkin, now functions as a Museum of Nature revolving around the Hahula Valley and its inhabitants. The ancient city of Dan, dated back to the mid-Bronze period, the 18th century BC, was one of the most important locations is the country, until Herod shifted the gravity center from the Dan to the Hermon River.
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The Judean Desert is a geological concavity, The Fault Cliff was supposed to be his continuation but the Great Rift Valley broke the view and created a very sharp fault, the Stair Fault.
The Judean Desert is made of Limestone, a very hard surface that absorbs plenty of water. The Judean desert concavity was filled with a younger layer of stone – chalk. The chalk is softer and water proof. The few rain falls in the Judean Desert do not penetrate the chalk, creating dangerous flood in the winter.